1181Z

Psychiatr. Pol. 2017; 51(6): 1181–1189

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/61781

Cezary Żechowski

FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:

Teoria emocji i popędów – od Sigmunda Freuda do Jaaka Pankseppa

FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Theory of drives and emotions – from Sigmund Freud to Jaak Panksepp

Summary
The article discusses the development of psychoanalytic theory in the direction of broadening the reflection on their own based on data derived from empirical studies other than clinical case study. Particularly noteworthy is the convergence that followed between neuroscience and psychoanalysis and the rise of the so-called neuropsychoanalysis. Consequently, this led to eject empirical hypotheses and begin research on defense mechanisms, self, memory, dreams, empathy, dynamic unconscious and emotional-motivational processes (theory of drives). Currently neuropsychoanalysis constituted itself as a discipline contained in itself three separate areas: the psychodynamic neuroscience, clinical neuropsychoanalysis and theory building. The article introduces the theory of Jaak Panksepp emotional systems as an example of anintegrated neurobiology of affect, behavioral biology, evolutionary psychology and psychoanalysis. The theory of emotional systems includes the description of the SEEKING system representing basic motivational system of the organism. Apart from a new perspective on the theory of drives described by Sigmund Freud, it offers the possibility to take into account the emotional and motivational systems within the understanding of mental disorders such as depression, addiction and psychosis, which is the core of psychoanalytic thinking.

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)


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