Psychiatr. Pol. 2015; 49(1): 181–199
FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Użyteczność wybranych wskaźników narracyjności wypowiedzi na temat relacji interpersonalnych w diagnozie poziomów organizacji osobowości
FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
The diagnostic usability of selected narrativity indices in stories about close relationships in the assessment of personality organization
The aim of this study was to test the usability of selected narrativity indices identified
from autobiographical accounts of important relationships in an assessment of neurotic (NPO) and borderline personality organization (BPO).
Narrativity indices, both particular and generalized, were used to predict personality
organization levels. Indices were derived from two separate layers of analysis: 1) lexical indices were counted with computer assistance; 2) evocative/reception indices dealing with coherence of the story were assessed using the competent judges method.
It was found that the lexical narrativity index—the active “I”—was a good predictor of both BPO and NPO, while the human factor was a good predictor of BPO when low. Moreover, a generalized index was used to describe how stories are saturated with the narrativity indices of intentionality, concreteness, and active “I”, but simultaneously deprived
of human factor, and was found to be the best predictor of BPO. Furthermore, where the coherence of the story and of its subdimension (integration) rise, the probability of BPO diagnosis decreases.
This research provides support for the thesis that surface narrativity indices may predict deeper personality structure. Its results are justified in the light of Kernberg’s theory, and have the potential to become a useful tool in clinical practice as a supplementary source of information in diagnostic and psychotherapeutic processes.