Psychiatr. Pol. 2016; 50(5): 973–987
Aneta Gerhant, Marcin Olajossy
FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Cechy osobowości u osób uzależnionych od alkoholu w kontekście doświadczeń przemocy w dzieciństwie
FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Personality traits in alcohol-dependent individuals in the context of childhood abuse
The aim of this study was to identify groups of alcohol-dependent individuals differing in the severity of childhood physical, emotional and sexual abuse and to find the personality variables that discriminate between those groups.
The study included 90 individuals dependent on alcohol. The following questionnaires were used: the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Coping Inventory (COPE), the Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ), Cattell’s IPAT Anxiety Scale, and the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI).
Two groups of subjects addicted to alcohol were identified: group 1 with high and group 2 with low childhood physical, emotional and sexual abuse indices. The subjects in Group 1 had significantly higher scores than the subjects in Group 2 on the TCI Temperament scales of NS and HA and lower scores on the TCI character scales of SD, C2 and C4. Group 1 subjects were significantly more likely than those from Group 2 to use avoidant coping strategies; they were also less likely to use problem-focused strategies and had significantly higher scores on general anxiety, overt anxiety, latent anxiety, level of aggression, physical aggression, hostility and anger.
The higher severity of childhood physical, emotional and sexual abuse in alcoholics is associated with those personality traits that seem to be crucial for maintaining abstinence and the quality of cooperation in therapy.