Online First Nr53
Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 53 1–14
Published ahead of print 5 September, 2016
Anna Rajtar-Zembaty, Andrzej Sałakowski, Jakub Rajtar-Zembaty, Anna Starowicz-Filip
FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Dysfunkcje wykonawcze w depresji wieku podeszłego
FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Executive dysfunction in late-life depression
Nowadays there are numerous reports stressing the occurrence of cognitive functions disorders in late-life depression (LLD). More and more frequently the studies stress the role of executive dysfunctions in LLD. The purpose of the study was an evaluation of the components of executive functions in non-demented LLD patients, as well as an evaluation of the relation between the individual components of executive functions and the level of depressiveness.
The study included 87 persons with depression and 100 persons in the control group. For the purpose of a screening evaluation of cognitive functions the Mini–Mental State Examination (MMSE) was applied. For the evaluation of the level of executive functions efficiency the following were chosen: a) Trail Making Test (TMT), b) Verbal Fluency Tests (VFT) and c) go/no-go task (GNG).
A significant difference was found in the levels of efficiency of all the components of executive functions in patients with late-life depression. The patients with depression demonstrated the slowest psychomotor speed and worse results in the tests evaluating cognitive flexibility, semantic fluency and inhibition. Statistically significant relation was observed performance in the GNG test.
The patients with depression demonstrated a significant impairment of executive functions. A relation was found between the cognitive control disorder and the level of depressiveness. Executive dysfunctions can play an important role in the persistence of depressive symptoms. Identification of patients with depression and executive dysfunctions has significant therapeutic implications.