303___316

Psychiatr. Pol. 2020; 54(2): 303–316 
 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/109823
 
Klaudia Tabała, Magdalena Agnieszka Wrzesińska, Patryk Stecz,
Grzegorz Mąkosa, Józef Kocur

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Summary
Aim. Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are associated with a huge financial burden on the budget and healthcare in the world. Personality traits, ways of coping with stress and anxiety levels affect the functioning of sick people. Objective of the study was to evaluate correlation between those features and the frequency of hospital and outpatient clinic admissions among people with chronic pulmonary diseases.
Methods. Participants (n=100) with asthma and COPD were subjected to: a sociodemographic urvey, NEO-FFI Personality Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Brief COPE Inventory.
Results. There was a relationship between the hospital admission frequency and neuroticism (positive correlation). The frequency of visits to the outpatient clinic was positively correlated with the level of conscientiousness, use of emotional support and negatively with cessation of action.
Conclusions. The obtained results may indicate the need to offer patients with respiratory diseases psychotherapeutic activities aimed at building a more constructive functioning, reducing anxiety, increasing the sense of control.
 
 

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