Analysis of the opinions of adolescents on the risk factors of suicide
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Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Wydział Nauki o Zdrowiu, Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego
Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Wydział Nauki o Zdrowiu, Zakład Dydaktyki i Efektów Kształcenia
Submission date: 2017-07-25
Final revision date: 2017-10-03
Acceptance date: 2017-10-04
Online publication date: 2018-08-24
Publication date: 2018-08-24
Corresponding author
Aleksandra Kielan   

Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Wydział Nauki o Zdrowiu, Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego, Polskie Towarzystwo Suicydologiczne, Banacha 1a, 02-097 Warszawa, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2018;52(4):697-705
The aim of this paper was to identify the opinions of adolescents aged 16–19, attending public high schools in Warsaw, on the risk factors of suicide.

The study group consisted of adolescents who were aged 16–19 in the year 2015 (M = 17.29; SD = 0.94). The respondents attended eight public high schools in Warsaw, from eight different districts of the city. The study group was representative. 1,439 respondents participated in the study –821 girls (57.1%) and 592 boys (41.1%). PAPI method was used in the conducted study. The questionnaire consisted of 34 questions divided into three sections – concerning epidemiology, risk factors and prevention of suicidal behaviors.

According to 37.0% of respondents, the main problem occurring in a family that could become a risk factor in committing suicide is lack of understanding from the parents. The respondents indicated that conflicts between peers are school-related situations that could be the source of suicidal thoughts (48.6%). More than half of respondents (59.1%) believed that being rejected by close and important persons was the main factor related to the feeling of loneliness that could contribute to a suicidal act.

1) An important element in the prevention of self-destructive behaviors of young people should be parental training in understanding and accepting their children. 2) Itis advisable to conduct classes developing psycho-social skills of adolescents, in particular their ability to solve interpersonal problems, in order to reduce the number of conflicts with peers that occur in the school environment.

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