Differential criteria for binge eating disorder and food addiction in the context of causes and treatment of obesity
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Zakład Psychologii, Katedra Filozofii i Nauk Humanistycznych, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu ŚUM w Katowicach
Submission date: 2015-10-18
Final revision date: 2016-04-24
Acceptance date: 2016-04-24
Online publication date: 2016-07-30
Publication date: 2017-04-30
Corresponding author
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska   

Zakład Psychologii, Katedra Filozofii i Nauk Humanistycznych, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Katowicach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach, Polska, u. Medyków 12, 40-752 Katowice, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2017;51(2):247-259
To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA)

We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed. We isolated specific similarities and differences between Binge Eating Disorder and Food Addiction. We formulated differential criteria for BED and FA.

In BED as well as FA the following characteristics are apparent: preoccupation with food, excessive eating, loss of control over the amount of food and manner of eating, inability to change behavior, continuing behavior despite negative consequences, increased impulsiveness and emotional imbalance. Differences between BED and FA relate to the function of food, reaction to omitted food, psychological mechanisms of coping with excessive eating and body image, the issue of tolerance, withdrawal syndrome and the correlation between excessive eating and other areas of life.

The criteria of differentiation between BED and FA concern the following: function of food, eating circumstances, reaction to the unavailability of food, awareness of the problem. Appropriate diagnosis of these disorders and their differentiation increases the chances of adequate treatment of obese patients.

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