Patient mental adjustment to selected types of cancer
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Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego WUM
Zakład Profilaktyki Onkologicznej WUM
Submission date: 2014-11-26
Final revision date: 2015-05-30
Acceptance date: 2015-06-01
Online publication date: 2018-02-28
Publication date: 2018-02-28
Corresponding author
Urszula Religioni   

Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Zakład Zdrowia Publicznego, Banacha 1 a, 02-079 Warszawa, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2018;52(1):129-141
Physical symptoms related to cancer are associated with various mental conditions. An adopted attitude towards pain and disease affects the quality of life of patients and may even decide about the final outcome of therapy. The objective of the study was to assess the degree of mental adjustment of patients diagnosed with breast, lung, colorectal and prostate cancer. The analysis also covered the effect of socioeconomic factors on mental adjustment in patients in the above groups.

The study included 902 patients treated on an outpatient basis at the Center of Oncology, the Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute in Warsaw, in the year 2013. The study participants were patients diagnosed with breast, lung, colorectal and prostate carcinoma. The Paper and Pencil Interview (PAPI) technique was applied. The questionnaire interview included demographic-type questions (socioeconomic variables) and the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (mini-MAC) scale, which measures the degree of mental adjustment to disease.

The highest scores in the anxious preoccupation and helplessness-hopelessness subclasses were those of the lung, colorectal, breast and prostate cancer patients. In breast and lung cancer study participants, differences between individual categories distinguished due to socioeconomic features proved statistically insignificant. However, significant dependencies were observed between mental adjustment to disease and chemotherapy in the past year; though, the results differ with respect to the primary site.

The primary site affects patient adjustment to disease. Socioeconomic factors in the area of mental adaptation differentiate colorectal carcinoma patients.

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