Stigmatization on the way to recovery in mental illness - the factors associated with social functioning.
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III Klinika Psychiatryczna IPiN w Warszawie
Kierownik: prof. dr hab. n. med. M. Jarema, III Klinika Psychiatryczna IPiN w Warszawie
Magdalena Podogrodzka-Niell   

III Klinika Psychiatryczna IPiN w Warszawie, ul. Sobieskiego 9, 02-957 Warszawa, Polska
Submission date: 2013-07-14
Final revision date: 2013-10-28
Acceptance date: 2013-10-31
Publication date: 2014-12-25
Psychiatr Pol 2014;48(6):1201–1211
Persons with mental disorders often experience stigmatization. There is a number of social factors that may affect the process of recovery and at the same time, in certain circumstances, could be a source of stigma. Mentally ill may find strength in themselves to fight against the disease or the opposite – can internalize the negative attitudes of the society and become self-stigmatized. The patient’s family, on the one hand, is often the only source of social support, on the other hand, can experience a destructive influence of courtesy-stigma. Mentally ill have to face social reluctance which is reinforced by stereotypical media coverage of mental disorders. The social network of patients is poor and often limited to a family system. Negative views about persons diagnosed with mental illness are most visible in the labour market. Patients experience many types of discrimination at work,have lower employment rates and lower mean wages than healthy ones. Structural discrimination is a form of stigma which is revealed in underfunded and inefficient system of mental health care. All the social factors mentioned above are necessary for recovery (positive stimulation of functioning), but can also increase stigma and become a significant barrier in the recovery of psychiatric patients. This paper highlights the complex and ambiguous nature of the relationship between social factors and the recovery of the mentally ill basing on the data from the literature.