Boldness, meanness and disinhibition as predictors of indirect/direct type of aggressive behavior in youth
More details
Hide details
Katedra Psychologii Sądowej i Psychokryminologii Instytut Psychologii Akademia Ignatianum w Krakowie
Submission date: 2022-06-10
Final revision date: 2022-12-03
Acceptance date: 2023-01-03
Online publication date: 2023-12-31
Publication date: 2023-12-31
Corresponding author
Krzysztof Nowakowski   

Katedra Psychologii Sądowej i Psychokryminologii Instytut Psychologii Akademia Ignatianum w Krakowie
Psychiatr Pol 2023;57(6):1169-1179
Numerous studies show that a high level of psychopathic traits in youth is related to the propensity to use various types and forms of aggression. The presented study focuses on the relations between psychopathy and aggression, both indirect (relational) and direct in this age group. The triarchic model of psychopathy was used, according to which psychopathy is described as a configuration of boldness, meanness and disinhibition. It was assumed that boldness would be a predictor for indirect aggression and disinhibition – for the direct forms of aggressive behaviors.

The sample consisted of 200 older adolescents (108 boys and 92 girls), aged 16-19. Two groups were distinguished for comparison: juveniles from youth fostering centers and youth not violating legal norms. For the measurement of the variables the following self-reports were used: Triarchic Psychopathy Measure, Indirect Aggression Scale (Aggressor Version) and Aggression Questionnaire.

From among the dimensions of psychopathy, the strongest predictor for both forms of aggression (indirect and direct) was disinhibition. The study also revealed the differences in the intensity of psychopathic traits and aggressive behaviors with reference to gender and institutionalization. However, the hypothesis on the relationship between boldness and indirect aggression was not confirmed.

The results showed that disinhibition and meanness can be considered as significant personality risk factors for aggressive behaviors and violence not only in adults but also in adolescents. The study supported also the heterogeneity of the triarchic model of psychopathy itself.

Journals System - logo
Scroll to top