Hospitalizations due to alcohol intoxication among children and adolescents – data from one clinical hospital in Poland
More details
Hide details
Klinika Diabetologii Dziecięcej Katedry Pediatrii, ŚUM Katowice
Klinika Pediatrii i Endokrynologii Dziecięcej, ŚUM Katowice
Zakład Medycyny Nuklearnej i Endokrynologii Onkologicznej w Gliwicach
Halla Kamińska   

Upper Silesian Pediatric Health Center, Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology, ul. Medykow 16, 40-752 Katowice, Poland,, Medyków, 16, 40-752 Katowice, Polska
Submission date: 2016-09-13
Final revision date: 2016-12-01
Acceptance date: 2016-12-11
Online publication date: 2018-04-30
Publication date: 2018-04-30
Psychiatr Pol 2018;52(2):387–398
To determine the frequency of hospitalizations due to alcohol intoxication (AI) at the Pediatric Health Center, and to attempt to identify factors contributing to the occurrence of intoxication in the population of children and adolescents.

Medical documentation of 227 patients hospitalized due to AI. 108 (48%) patients were girls and 119 (52%) patients were boys. The mean age of the study group was 14.9 years ±2.1. Data regarding patients, their families and the circumstances of intoxication underwent analysis.

Alcohol intoxication constituted 2.8% of all hospitalizations. The number of hospitalizations between 2000 and 2011 showed an increasing tendency with some fluctuations within years. Spirits were predominant alcohol beverages. Over 10% of patients required a short-term hospital stay at the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care. In 13% of children, coexisting medicine or drug intoxication was observed and 10% of patients presented with alcohol-related injury to the head or extremities. Risky sexual behaviors were noted in 25% of girls. The majority of children were raised by two parents who had received primary education. Alcoholism was present in over 20% of the families. In single-parent families, fathers were more frequently absent and a lack of a regular source of income was more often related to mothers.

There are no uniform standards of multi-specialist medical care for children hospitalized due to AI. Identification of children consuming alcohol is recommended. It should be done by primary physicians, pediatricians, teachers and psychologists. Minor patients hospitalized due to AI should be provided with a long-term and comprehensive care.