Motives of abstinence versus metacognition and self-conscious emotions in people addicted to alcohol
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Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Submission date: 2022-05-18
Final revision date: 2022-07-20
Acceptance date: 2022-07-25
Online publication date: 2023-12-31
Publication date: 2023-12-31
Corresponding author
Sławomir Ślaski   

Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
Psychiatr Pol 2023;57(6):1277-1291
The target of the present study was to show the relationship between time and motives for maintaining abstinence and metacognitive beliefs about alcohol and self-conscious emotions.

Ninety-one alcohol-dependent individuals who are currently maintaining abstinence participated in the study. Three instruments were used to measure individual variables: RALD was used to examine motives for maintaining abstinence, MPA was used to measure the level of individual metacognitive beliefs about alcohol, and SUM 5 was used to measure the level of self-conscious emotions in addicts who maintain abstinence. Correlation analyses were performed and differences in mean ranks of metacognition and self-awareness emotions were examined for the two independent samples.

All metacognitive beliefs were shown to negatively correlate with abstinence time. Some metacognitive beliefs were negatively associated with abstinence motives. Moreover, positive associations of self-conscious emotions and metacognitive beliefs with time and abstinence motives were found. Both metacognitive beliefs and self-conscious emotions have different mean levels depending on the duration of abstinence.

The study revealed that both psychological constructs are related to abstinence maintenance and can be creatively used in further analyses of addiction recovery and relapse prevention.

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