Polish Adaptation of the Psychache Scale by Ronald Holden and Co-workers
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Zakład Psychologii Zdrowia, Instytut Psychologii UŁ
Katedra Podstaw Diagnozy i Badań Psychologicznych, Społeczna Akademia Nauk w Łodzi
Zakład Profilaktyki Społecznej i Resocjalizacji Uniwersytetu Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
Świętokrzyskie Centrum Profilaktyki i Edukacji w Kielcach
Submission date: 2015-05-25
Final revision date: 2015-09-11
Acceptance date: 2015-09-16
Online publication date: 2016-02-23
Publication date: 2017-04-30
Corresponding author
Jan Chodkiewicz   

Instytut Psychologii Uniwersytet Łódzki, 91-433 łódź ul Smugowa 10/12, 91-433 Łódź, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2017;51(2):369-381
The conducted study was aimed at making a Polish adaptation of the Scale of Psychache by Ronald Holden and co-workers. The scale is a self-assessment method which comprises 13 statements and is designed to assess subjectively experienced psychological pain.

300 persons were examined – undergraduates and postgraduates of the University of Lodz and the Technical University of Lodz. The group of the study participants consisted of 185 women and 115 men. Moreover, there were examined 150 alcohol addicted men, 50 co-addicted women and 50 major depressive episode (MDE) patients.

The Polish version of the Scale is a reliable and valid tool. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis has proved the existence of one factor. The internal consistency, assessed on the basis of Cronbach’s alpha, equalled 0.93. The method displays positive and statistically significant relationships to levels of depression, hopelessness, anxiety, anhedonia and negative relations to levels of optimism, life satisfaction, and positive orientation. Alcohol addicted men with presently diagnosed suicidal thoughts were characterised by a significantly higher level of psychological pain as compared to alcoholics without such thoughts. A higher level of psychache was also reported in people with depression who have a history of attempted suicide compared with those who have not attempted suicide.

The effect of the conducted adaptation works on the Psychache Scale speaks for recommending the method for scientific research and use in therapeutic practice.

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