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The stress of the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic and pro-health behaviors among medical personnel - preliminary report
 
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Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Psychiatrii, Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
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Zakład Biochemii Klinicznej i Diagnostyki Laboratoryjnej, Instytut Nauk Medycznych, Uniwersytet Opolski
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Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Psychiatrii, Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
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Katedra i Zakład Biochemii Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach.
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Zakład Histologii, Instytut Nauk Medycznych, Uniwersytet Opolski
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Śląski Park Technologii Medycznych Kardio-Med Silesia
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Wojewódzki Szpital Specjalistyczny nr 4 w Bytomiu
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Klinika Chorób Wewnętrznych, Instytut Nauk Medycznych, Uniwersytet Opolski
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Karina Aagnieszka Badura Brzoza   

Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Psychiatrii, Wydział Nauk Medycznych w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Submission date: 2021-02-03
Final revision date: 2021-03-10
Acceptance date: 2021-03-10
Online publication date: 2021-07-12
Publication date: 2021-07-12
 
Psychiatr Pol 2022;56(5):1–10
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The aim of the study was to evaluate pro-health behaviors as protective measures against symptoms of anxiety and depression in a group of health care workers during the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic.

Methods:
The group of 114 people participated in the study, including 46 medical doctors aged 41.10 ± 11.89 and 68 nurses aged 48.16 ± 8.54 years.The following scales were used for the research: the Health Behavior Inventory (HBI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).

Results:
Taking into consideration health behaviors, an average score of 79.61 ± 13.08 points in HBI was obtained. In the BDI questionnaire, the respondents obtained an average of 3.7 ± 4.65 points. In the STAI questionnaire, in the part related to state anxiety, the mean result in the study group was 38.08 ± 9.46 points, and for trait anxiety 38.35 ± 8.44 points. Taking into account the components of HBI, only the results obtained in the subscales: positive mental attitude (PMA) and pro-health activities (PhA) correlated negatively with the results obtained in the STAI and BDI scales. Moreover, the pro-health effect of PMA on the symptoms of anxiety and depression was observed.

Conclusions:
No significant intensification of anxiety and depression symptoms was observed among medical personnel during the first wave of the pandemic. Health-promoting behaviors, and especially positive mental attitudes, may play a protective role in relation to the symptoms of anxiety and depression in a stressful situations.

eISSN:2391-5854
ISSN:0033-2674