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Demographic and health characteristics of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine users (MDMA, ecstasy)
 
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1
Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Psychiatrii w Tarnowskich Górach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
2
Instytut Immunologii i Terapii Doświadczalnej im. Ludwika Hirszfelda, Polska Akademia Nauk
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Gniewko Więckiewicz   

Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Psychiatrii w Tarnowskich Górach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach
Submission date: 2020-12-17
Final revision date: 2021-03-15
Acceptance date: 2021-03-15
Online publication date: 2021-05-18
Publication date: 2021-05-18
 
 
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ABSTRACT
Objectives:
MDMA is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world. Clinical studies are currently being conducted around the world on the use of this substance in the treatment of PTSD and alcoholism. However, little demographic information is available on users who use the substance for recreational purposes. The aim was to determine basic demographic and helath characteristics with validated tools.

Methods:
The authors prepared an original questionnaire on the demography of MDMA users and combined it with the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The survey was sent to Polish MDMA users via the Internet.

Results:
304 responses were received from people over 18 years of age. MDMA is widespread among young adults, in many different places of residence and regardless of gender. The users take MDMA in both pill and crystal form and very rarely test drugs bought from a dealer. Most users feel that MDMA has had a good impact on their lives.

Conclusions:
MDMA is rarely used as the only psychoactive substance. MDMA users rate their health higher than people using other psychoactive substances.

eISSN:2391-5854
ISSN:0033-2674