Differences in subjective quality of life of people with a schizophrenia diagnosis between participants in Occupational Therapy Workshops and those working in a Sheltered Employment Establishment
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Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Katedra Psychiatrii, Zakład Psychiatrii Środowiskowej
Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, Katedra Psychiatrii, Zakład Zaburzeń Afektywnych
Pracownia Badań nad Schizofrenią Stowarzyszenia na rzecz Rozwoju Psychiatriii Opieki Środowiskowej
Andrzej Cechnicki   

Zakład Psychiatrii Środowiskowej, Katedra Psychiatrii, Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków, Pl. Sikorskiego 2/8, 31-115 Kraków, Polska
Submission date: 2018-02-08
Final revision date: 2018-05-08
Acceptance date: 2018-06-01
Online publication date: 2019-02-28
Publication date: 2019-02-28
Psychiatr Pol 2019;53(1):81–92
The research objective was to compare the course of illness among patients with schizophrenia undergoing rehabilitation in Occupational Therapy Workshops (OTW) or employed in the Vocational Development Center “Pensjonat u Pana Cogito” (VDC), with particular focus on quality of life (QoL), and to analyse the relations between QoL and general, social, and cognitive functioning, psychopathological condition and insight in the two groups.

The sample comprised 52 subjects (VDC = 25 and OT = 27). The following tools were used: the LQoLP (for quality of life assessment) by Oliver, the PANSS, GAF, and SOFAS scales, the MoCA, RAVLT and RHLB cognitive tests, and the insight questionnaire “My thoughts and feelings”.

Differences were found between the groups, to the VDC group’s advantage, in such areas of subjective QoL as: family relationships (p . 0.05), somatic health (p . 0.05) and selfesteem (p . 0.05). In the VDC group, QoL correlated negatively with symptoms of distress and positively with overall insight into symptoms, while in the OTW group it correlated negatively with cognitive function and positively with insight as a reaction to information from others.

For people with schizophrenia obtaining and retaining employment in a VDC translates into better outcomes in important areas of quality of life such as family relationships, overall health, and self-esteem. Poorer QoL was associated with the severity of symptoms, in particular depressive symptoms. People employed in the VDC benefited to a greater extent from autonomous control of symptoms, while among the OTW group an important role was played by others.