Modified body – symbol of risk or resources?
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Uniwersytet Gdański, Zakład Psychologii Osobowości i Psychologii Sądowej
Submission date: 2020-10-06
Final revision date: 2020-12-15
Acceptance date: 2020-12-15
Online publication date: 2022-06-30
Publication date: 2022-06-30
Corresponding author
Mateusz J. Lammek   

Uniwersytet Gdański, Zakład Psychologii Osobowości i Psychologii Sądowej
Psychiatr Pol 2022;56(3):647-659
Tattooing and body piercing are becoming more and more popular. The psychological approach to body modifications remains heterogeneous. The purpose of this replication was to assess the level of life satisfaction and self-esteem, as well as to reveal subjectively experienced symptoms of mental health disorders in people who reported having a tattoo and/or piercing during the coronavirus epidemic.

Method. The research was conducted in the period from April to June 2020 in an on-line form. Participants (N = 557) were 15–68 years old.

There were no significant differences in perceived life satisfaction, self-esteem and mental health assessment between people with and without body modifications. The revealed differences in the dimensions of self-esteem and the number of subjective depressive symptoms turned out to be accidental.

All participants in the study (regardless of having body modification) were aware of having and the ability to use personal resources to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. Body modifications should not be considered a risk factor. Especially among tattooed people, the self-assessment of psychological functioning increased with the increase in life satisfaction.

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