The position statement of the Working Group on the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorders in adults
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Klinika Psychiatryczna, Wydział Nauki o Zdrowiu, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny
Fundacja Rozwoju Terapii Rodzin NA SZLAKU, Kraków
Instytut Psychologii, Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Katedra i Zakład Medycyny Rodzinnej Uniwersytetu Medycznego we Wrocławiu
Klinika Psychiatrii Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu Pomorski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Szczecinie
Klinika Psychiatrii Dorosłych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi
Submission date: 2022-09-07
Final revision date: 2023-05-11
Acceptance date: 2023-05-15
Online publication date: 2023-08-31
Publication date: 2023-08-31
Corresponding author
Tytus Koweszko   

Klinika Psychiatryczna, Wydział Nauki o Zdrowiu, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny
Psychiatr Pol 2023;57(4):705–727
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental distress that occurs after participation in traumatic event such as the experience of natural disaster, car accident, terrorist attack or armed conflict, being a victim of sexual assault, tortured, physically abused, traumatized or being in any other life-threatening situation. The trauma victim does not always have to be in the position of the o directly threatened with physical harm. The disorder may be developed also as a result of an acute reaction to stress caused by participation in situation in which another person suffer so unimaginable that the further normal life of witness becomes impossible. Patients are often convinced that they lose previous ability to exist irretrievably. Globally PTSD is an increasingly recognized disorder. It can be predicted that in Europe, due to the ongoing war in Ukraine and the migration crisis, the frequency of severe disorders related to traumatic stress will systematically increase. In recent years, there has been a significant progress in knowledge and the development of methods for counteracting PTSD. The empirically confirmed forms of treatment include psychotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic interactions. The presented recommendations were developed by a team of experts in the field of psychiatry, clinical psychology, psychotherapy and primary care in order to proposed guidelines for therapeutic procedures in medical and psychological practice. The position statement of the working group have been developed in line with evidence-based practice as a part of three-stage procedure including: literature review, the issue discussion and development of the unified expert position.