Application of phase angle for evaluation of the nutrition status of patients with anorexia nervosa
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Katedra i Zakład Fizjologii Człowieka, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lublin
I Klinika Psychiatrii, Psychoterapii i Wczesnej Interwencji, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lublin
Teresa Małecka-Massalska   

Medical University of Lublin, Poland, Sapiehy 2/35, 20-095 Lublin, Polska
Submission date: 2016-03-18
Final revision date: 2016-11-18
Acceptance date: 2016-12-02
Online publication date: 2017-12-30
Publication date: 2017-12-30
Psychiatr Pol 2017;51(6):1121–1131
The evaluation of the nutrition status of patients has been the subject of interest of many scientific disciplines. Any deviation from normal values is a serious clinical problem. There are multiple nutrition status evaluation methods used including diet history, scales and questionnaires, physical examination, anthropometric measurements, biochemical measurements, function tests, as well as bioelectric impedance analysis or adipometry. Phase angle, obtained by means of bioelectric impedance analysis, is another parameter that is being more and more frequently applied in nutrition status monitoring. It is proportional to body cell mass. Its direct correlation with the cellular nutrition status has been documented. High phase angle values signify well-being, while low phase angle values indicate poor condition of cells. The purpose of this paper was to review the current state of knowledge about the application of phase angle in evaluation and monitoring of the nutrition status of patients with anorexia nervosa on the basis of available literature. It was proven that the phase angle values in patients with anorexia nervosa are much lower compared to healthy people. Detailed observations showed phase angle value increase in the course of treatment. The relevance of the commonly used body mass index (BMI) has been questioned due to significant degree of generalization in the nutrition status evaluation. Thus, there is a need for new, objective parameters for nutrition status evaluation, which will assist in the treatment and monitoring of patients in a more meaningful and reliable way. The existing independent studies equivocally confirm the usefulness of phase angle in the evaluation of nutrition status of patients with anorexia nervosa and its broader application in clinical practice is only a matter of time. However, these are merely attempts and they have not yet found wider application in clinical practice in the treatment of anorexia nervosa.