Mental disorders in patients with epilepsy
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Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu, Katedra i Klinika Neurologii
Wojewódzki Szpital Specjalistyczny w Legnicy, Oddział Dzienny Psychiatryczny Rehabilitacyjny
Submission date: 2018-05-29
Final revision date: 2018-08-01
Acceptance date: 2018-08-01
Online publication date: 2020-02-29
Publication date: 2020-02-29
Corresponding author
Klaudia Jeżowska-Jurczyk   

Katedra i Klinika Neurologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego we Wrocławiu, Borowska, 213, 50-556 Wrocław, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2020;54(1):51-68
Mental disorders occur in patients with epilepsy significantly more frequently than in the general population or in those with other chronic diseases. The specificity of epilepsy as a condition of the central nervous system with complex somatic, psychic and social consequences contributes to co-occurrence of these disorders. Moreover, common patomechanisms are suggested for epilepsy and mental disorders, associated with disturbances of bioelectrical activity and neurotransmission in certain areas of the brain.The authors present a review of main groups of mental disorders observed in epileptic patients: psychotic, affective, anxiety, personality, and conduct disorders. They discuss their epidemiology and clinical presentation, with a particular focus on their risk factors and temporal relation to epileptic seizures. They also highlight problems associated with differential diagnosis and optimal therapeutic strategy. Mental disorders have a significant impact on the quality of life and functioning of patients with epilepsy. Further exploration of interrelationships between these illnesses, as well as cooperation between neurologists and psychiatrists promote an early and precise diagnosis of mental disturbances in this group of patients and their effective treatment.
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