Metabolic syndrome in patients who have been subjected to isolation security measures and treated with atypical antipsychotics
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Klinika Psychiatrii Sądowej, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii w Warszawie
Instytut Profilaktyki Społecznej i Resocjalizacji, Uniwersytet Warszawski
Submission date: 2023-02-07
Final revision date: 2023-04-08
Acceptance date: 2023-04-24
Online publication date: 2023-07-07
Publication date: 2023-07-07
Corresponding author
Przemysław Cynkier   

Klinika Psychiatrii Sądowej, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii w Warszawie
The main aim of the study was to assess the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components in patients subject to a confinement measure, treated with antipsychotics in mono – or polytherapy. Additional objectives included the analysis of associations between the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and patients’ age, psychiatric diagnosis, overweight or obesity, and the presence of addictions to psychoactive substances.

The study involved 61 patients of the Department of Forensic Psychiatry, including 9 women and 52 men, subject to a confinement measure from September 2019 to August 2021. All parameters of metabolic syndrome and BMI were measured twice, at the beginning of the stay at the Department and after six months of treatment with atypical antipsychotics. Appropriate statistical comparative analyses were then performed.

There was no relationship between the occurrence of metabolic syndrome and the age of the subjects, medical diagnosis, addiction to psychoactive substances, including smoking. It has not been confirmed that the chronic use of atypical antipsychotics with parallel prophylactic and health-promoting effects in conditions of confinement leads to the development of metabolic syndrome and worsens its symptoms, apart from a marked increase in waist circumference and an increase in BMI.

Systematic measurements of BMI and waist circumference during treatment with atypical antipsychotics may be accurate tools in assessing the risk of metabolic syndrome. Long-term confinement hospitalizations should include psychoeducational nterventions aimed at minimizing metabolic complications of pharmacotherapy.

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