Perception of the relationship between parents, patterns of attachment and psychopathological symptoms in girls in late adolescence
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Psychiatr Pol 2013;47(5):853–864
Aim. The paper presents a study concerning perception of relationship between parents, attachment patterns between adolescents and parents and their influence on intensity of psychopathology symptoms in nonclinical adolescent women. Method. The study examined 75 nonclinical women in late adolescent (17-19 years old). Participants completed Parental Bonding Instrument, Youth Self Report Form and simple survey containing additional questions. Results. The study revealed that the girls in late adolescence who perceived parents relationship as not good presented more psychopathology symptoms. The study also revealed that the adolescents who perceived their parents as less care and more controlled have more psychopathology symptoms. Maternal care was a predictor of lower levels of withdrawal, anxiety and depression. Paternal care was a predictor of lower levels of somatic complaints and thought disorders. Maternal control was a predictor of higher levels of attention disorders and aggressive behavior. Paternal control was a predictor of greater severity of social problems. Conclusions The results are generally consistent with the data from literature. Perceived by adolescents family aspects such as parents quality relationship and attachment have significant influenced on the intensity of psychopathology symptoms: internalizing and externalizing symptoms, withdrawal, anxiety and depression, social problems, thought disorder, impaired concentration and aggressive behavior.