Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part I. Research before 1989
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Katedra Psychoterapii UJ, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum
Edyta Dembińska   

Katedra Psychoterapii UJ, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum, ul. Lenartowicza 14, 31-138 Kraków, Polska
Submission date: 2015-01-24
Final revision date: 2015-03-16
Acceptance date: 2015-03-27
Publication date: 2016-10-31
Psychiatr Pol 2016;50(5):935–944
The paper presents the post-war history of post-traumatic research conducted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University and the analysis of the main research approaches and selected publications. The time after World War II passed in Poland in two directions: coping with the finished war trauma and simultaneously the experience of communist persecution trauma. First scientific publications appeared in the fifties and were focused on the research of former concentration camps prisoners (KZ-Syndrome). Between 1962 and 1989 a special edition of Przegląd Lekarski, which concentrated entirely on war trauma research, was published. The journal was nominated for the Peace Nobel Prize twice. The research team from the Department of Psychiatry headed by Professor Antoni Kępiński made a very extensive description of KZ-Syndrome issues. The paper summarizes the most important contemporary research findings on psychopathology of KZ-Syndrome (Szymusik), reaction dynamics (Teutsch), after camp adjustment (Orwid), paroxysmal hypermnesia (Półtawska), somatic changes (Gatarski, Witusik). The result of the study was the basis for the development of a methodology and a new look at the classification of the consequences of post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as the development of ethical attitudes towards patients.