Cognitive-motivational model of obesity. Motivational mechanisms and cognitive biases underlying the processing of food-related images by people with excess body weight.
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Katedra Psychologii Ogólnej, Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny SWPS, Wydział w Sopocie
Katedra Zastosowań Psychologii, Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny SWPS, Wydział w Sopocie
Submission date: 2014-05-14
Final revision date: 2014-08-19
Acceptance date: 2014-09-02
Publication date: 2015-10-31
Corresponding author
Dorota Kalka   

Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny SWPS, Wydział w Sopocie, Polna 16/20, 81-745 Sopot, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2015;49(5):983-991
Obesity is a constantly escalating problem in all age groups. In the face of ubiquitous images of food, colourful advertisements of high-calorie meals and beverages, it is necessary to examine the role of the memory and attention mechanism in the processing of these stimuli. Knowledge regarding this subject will surely significantly contribute to the improvement of prevention and management of obesity programs designed to prevent secondary psychological difficulties, including depression. This paper presents cognitive-motivational model of obesity, according to which the description of mechanisms of eating disorders occurrence should include not only motivational factors but also the cognitive ones. The paper shows theoretical perspectives on the problem of obesity irrespective of its origin, as well as the latest empirical reports in this field. The presented survey demonstrates the lack of explicit research findings related to the processing of high and low-calorie food images by persons with excess weight. It seems that the knowledge of the basic mechanisms involved in the processing of these stimuli and the exploration of this phenomenon will allow to improve programs whose objective is to prevent obesity.
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