State and trait anxiety level and increase of depression among mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder. Pilot study.
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Klinika Psychiatrii Wieku Rozwojowego WUM
Oddział Neurologii Samodzielnego Zespołu Publicznych Zakładów Opieki Zdrowotnej w Dziekanowie Leśnym
Submission date: 2013-10-15
Final revision date: 2013-12-17
Acceptance date: 2014-01-27
Publication date: 2014-08-20
Corresponding author
Tomasz Srebnicki   

Klinika Psychiatrii Wieku Rozwojowego WUM, Marszałkowska 24, 00-574 Warszawa, Polska
Psychiatr Pol 2014;48(4):645-652
to evaluate anxiety level ( as a trait and as a state) and the intensity of depressive symptoms in mothers of children with hyperkinetic disorder (HD) and with and without comorbid conduct disorder (CD); to determine the relationship between the intensity of anxiety and depression and intensity of symptoms of HD.

Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and STAI questionnaire to measure state-trait anxiety were filled by 24 mothers of children with HD and 26 mothers of children without HD. Mothers of children with HD were also asked to complete the Conners Questionnaire for Parents and Teachers (IOWA). Teachers were asked to complete the Conners Questionnaire for Teachers (RCTS).

75% of HD subjects had a comorbid CD, in comparison with 19,2 % in the control group. No significant differences were found between the mothers of children with HD and the control group in the results of BDI scale and STAI questionnaire in anxiety state and anxiety trait subscales. The difference was found between mothers of children with CD and without CD in anxiety-state subscale in STAI questionnaire. No correlations were found between the number of depressive symptoms, anxiety as a state and as a trait and the results of Conners IOWA and RCTS.

The presence of HD in children does not correlate with the level of depression and anxiety in their mothers. There is a relationship between the presence of CD in children and elevated levels of state anxiety in their mothers.

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